What Is the Meaning of Stacks for Website Development?


Do you still remember those days when websites were built in one text editor? HTML and CSS were all you needed to master to create them. It brings a smile to my face to think of those times. Why? Firstly, I imagine how easy website development once was. Secondly, I remember how ridiculously the websites built that way looked, especially compared to today's ones. Nowadays, any piece of software, whether it is a website, an app or any other project, needs several pieces of technology to allow proper functionality and look. Web development processes evolved. To understand them better, I would like to devote a few words to the stacks meaning in website development, web applications and mobile apps.

Tech Stack and Full Tech Stack Development

Let me guide you through the meaning of a few terms that play a significant role in the development of any piece of software. Let's start with the tech stack, which is simply the mixture of technologies that a web developer or a stack developer uses in the web development process. It consists of many elements, such as:

  • various web programming languages (e.g. JavaScript, Python, PHP and many more)
  • frameworks (so-called software environment)
  • database(s)
  • front-end development solutions
  • back-end development solutions
  • APIs

All the above components form a full-stack development.

Various Types of Web Development

Word stack derives from technologies added to each other, just like layers. The person taking care of the overall website development process is a full-stack developer. However, web development is a vast and advanced process and the tech stack consists of many 'layers'. That is why you will often come across web developers who specialize in narrower areas of expertise. These will be, for example, front-end developers or back-end developers.

Front End Developers

Front-end developers are responsible for all elements of a website that the recipient interacts with. This includes graphics, the appearance of animations, various fonts, and layout. One of the most important elements of web building that front-end developers manage is responsive web design. This constitutes what the website looks like on different devices. Front-end developers use such languages as HTML, JavaScript, or CSS.

Back-End Developers

The code of the website is what the back-end web developer cares about. These web development specialists will take care of all server connections, page databases and functionality of the internal architecture of web pages. They most often work in such languages as PHP, Python, Java or MySQL.

Full Stack Developers

Front-end development and back-end development need somebody who will connect them. Here comes a full-stack developer. If the project is relatively small a full-stack web developer will perform all web development functions.

Their role most often includes:

  • managing servers and taking care of databases
  • creating code in such languages as CSS, HTML, JavaScript
  • establishing communication between web development areas of expertise (front-end, back-end, web content creators, graphic designers) to deliver the best possible product to the client
  • developing and proposing the MVP (minimal viable product) to the client

Why Is Tech Stack Important?

There are many reasons why a good tech stack is important, such as high security, functionality or accessibility. However, from a business perspective, there is one that stands out - scalability. This is connected with the ability of your websites and web applications to handle an increasing number of users. After all, this is the purpose of any piece of software used in business: to attract more and more users. The software web developers build needs to be created with growth in mind.

Tech Stack in Mobile Apps and Web Apps

Let's talk a bit more about the components of stack tech. I would like to not only present them from the perspective of web development but also consider mobile apps and web applications.

What Should Web Application Stack Consist Of?

Stacks meaning in web applications is of great importance. What should the tech stack of such apps include? Web app developers should take care of databases, front-end, back-end and perhaps containerization tools. I prepared for you a review of a few most popular components I use in my business:

MariaDB Server

It is an open-source relational database. It was created based on three values: stability, openness and performance. It is compatible with other types of databases, such as Oracle. MariaDB is used by such websites as Google, WordPress.com or Wikipedia.

NoSQL Databases

No SQL, or not only SQL, are non-relational databases. There can be various types of such databases. The most popular are graphs, documents, key-value, or wide-column. NoSQL databases are perfect for scaling. They are also easy to use and have flexible schemas. Non-relational databases are used by such giants as Microsoft, Meta, and Amazon.


This library was created to enable the building of component-based user interfaces. It is open-source, free and written in JavaScript. ReactJS was developed by Meta, however, it is not only used by Facebook and Instagram but also by Dropbox, Airbnb and Skype


VueJS is another example of a model that helps build user interfaces based on the components. VueJS uses the extension of HTML, JavaScript and CSS to maximize the software functionality. VueJS enhances software development processes of such companies as Nintendo, Adobe or GitLab


It is an open-source application framework that uses PHP. Many back-end code writers choose Laravel because it is highly logical, easy to use and results in a highly scalable product.


Docker is a software platform used to build, run, test and manage applications. It uses lightweight containers to deploy applications. Such an approach ensures efficient application functionality in various environments.


Kubernetes automates the deployment of any app and helps to perform any kind of changes to it. Monitoring and managing apps are extremely easy thanks to the many functions Kubernetes automates.

What Should Mobile Application Stack Consist Of?

In mobile application projects, stacks meaning is slightly different. Mobile app developers will take care of databases, engines and front-end development. Below are a few pieces of technology I use in tech stacks for mobile applications I create:

MariaDB, NoSQL or Firebase

Firebase is a development platform that offers fast app building, releasing and monitoring. It offers a variety of useful features, such as push messages, authentication, or file storage.

Firebase or Laravel with scalability mechanisms

Firebase and Laravel work extremely well for mobile app deployment and management purposes.

React or Flutter

Flutter is a framework that allows for the creation of apps from a single codebase. The products are easy to navigate, clear and pleasing to the eye. The choice between React and Flutter is not always straightforward. That is because both are very good technologies for mobile app creation.

Other Popular Tech Stacks in Software Development

Just because I use certain tech stacks in Sailing Byte, it does not mean there are no other decent stacks on the market. Let me mention a few other options along with their uses.

The MEAN Stack

The name consists of the first letters of the used technologies: MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS and Node.js. However, I like to think of this stack in a more informal meaning of mean (good). The whole stack can be written in JavaScript, and the code can be copied across the whole application. This makes MEAN Stack's use as easy as pie. On top of that, it is also free, and open-source and produces apps characterized by high flexibility and scalability. MEAN is widely used to deliver web applications.

The LAMP Stack

This stack consists of such popular technologies as Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. It is stable, simple and powerful. It has been on a market for a while and has been trusted by many web app developers. Because it is an open-source solution, it allows for the change of the technologies and selecting the best course of action for the development of your web app.

Sailing Byte - Your Expert In App, Web and Website Development

If stacks meaning, site technicalities or website development seem a little too much, the Sailing Byte can give you a hand. Book a call to talk about your project or an already-existing website or app. We have decades of experience and practice in developing software for our clients. Contact us, let us do our magic, and we assure you - you will not regret it.




Łukasz Pawłowski

CEO of Sailing Byte

I am running Sailing Byte - a Software House that focuses on Laravel and React, but doesn't constrain to it; we have also done projects using C#, Unity, Flutter, SwiftUI and other. My role is to organize and deliver software using Agile methods - by providing experience and technical knowledge and proper set of tools to cooperate with our clients.

During our journey I have met all kind of great people, who also took part in our success - both our clients and business partners who are part of our success and who also helped us to elevate Sailing Byte as polish software house, that is providing quality development not only in eastern Europe, but also UK and USA.

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